Tsahal

Tsahal

Frankreich / Deutschland 1991-1994, Dokumentarfilm

Inhalt

"Tsahal" is the Hebrew acronym for the Israeli Defense Forces. While in "Pourqoi Israël" Claude Lanzmann focused on civilian life, in "Tsahal" the director turns his attention to the role of the military in the history of the Jewish state. He interviews officers, conscripts and reservists; politicians, settlers, Palestinians and, in writers Amos Oz and David Grossman, members of the Israeli peace movement. Memories, sound documents and current footage of the armed forces provide subjective perspectives on the significance of the army to a country which has endured "46 years of perpetual alarm" since Israel won statehood in 1948 – ranging from the 1956 Sinai Campaign to the Six-Day War in 1967, the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and right up to the 1990s. Above all, it is a film about the significance of the "Tsahal" to Israeli society.

As Claude Lanzmann puts it, "nobody can avoid conscription and military service. So this army represents a true cross-section of the entire population that reflects equally both its contradictions and its unity. In the army, freedom and discipline, criticism and obedience are united in a unique, paradoxical way".

Source: 63. Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin (Catalogue)

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Credits

All Credits

Director:Claude Lanzmann
Assistant director:Irène Steinfeldt-Levy
Screenplay:Claude Lanzmann
Interviews:Claude Lanzmann
Translation:Kay Hecht (deutsche Bearbeitung)
Director of photography:Dominique Chapuis, Pierre-Laurent Chenieux, Jean Michel Humeau
Assistant camera:Michel Gottdiener, Laurent Machuel, Martin Legrand
Lighting design:Dominique Graizely
Editing:Sabine Mamou
Sound editor:Christian Dior, Gaelle Boutin (Assistenz), Sophie Reiter (Assistenz)
Sound:Bernard Aubouy
Audio mixing:Paul Bertault
Production company:Les Productions Philippe Dussart (Paris), France 2 Cinéma (Paris), Les Films Aleph (Paris), Bavaria Film GmbH (München-Geiselgasteig)
in association with:Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) (Köln)
Producer:Bertrand Dussart, Phillippe Dussart
Co-Producer:Carina Vogel
Producer (TV):Wilfried Reichart
Line producer:Eyal Sher
Unit production manager:Yanai Shavit, Yvonne Freche
Shoot:1991-1993: Israel
Original distributor:Freunde der Deutschen Kinemathek e. V. (Berlin)
Funding:Sofica Sofinergie 2 (Paris), Centre National de la Cinématographie (C.N.C.) (Paris), Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication (Paris), Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI), Bonn, Bayerische Film- und Fernsehförderung (LfA) (München), Canal + (Paris), Filmförderungsanstalt (FFA) (Berlin), Film- und Medien Stiftung NRW (Düsseldorf)
Length:8320 m, 304 min
Format:35mm, 1:1,37
Picture/Sound:Fujicolor, Ton
Rating:FSK-Prüfung (DE): 14.11.1995, 74164, ab 12 Jahre / feiertagsfrei
Screening:TV-Erstsendung (DE): , West 3;
Uraufführung (IT): 07.09.1994, Venedig, IFF

Titles

Originaltitel (FR) Tsahal

Versions

Original

Length:8320 m, 304 min
Format:35mm, 1:1,37
Picture/Sound:Fujicolor, Ton
Rating:FSK-Prüfung (DE): 14.11.1995, 74164, ab 12 Jahre / feiertagsfrei
Screening:TV-Erstsendung (DE): , West 3;
Uraufführung (IT): 07.09.1994, Venedig, IFF
 

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