Carl Balhaus

Carl Balhaus

Darsteller, Regie, Regie-Assistenz, Drehbuch
*04.11.1905 Mülheim an der Ruhr; †30.07.1968 Eisenach

Biography

Carl Balhaus, born November 4, 1905, in Mülheim an der Ruhr, studied German studies and philology, but already took actor's training with Professor Georgi at Deutsches Theater during his time at university. After several performances at Deutsches Theater, Erwin Piscator made him a cast member of Volksbühne in 1926, where Balhaus stayed until 1935. During this time, Balhaus worked with some of the most important artists of the German theatre scene, including directors such as Max Reinhardt and Gustaf Gründgens, and authors such as Klaus Mann.

In 1926, Balhaus made his movie debut in a small role in the silent film "Ramper der Tiermensch". In the following years, he starred in succinct supporting roles in films such as "Der blaue Engel" ("The Blue Angel", 1929/30), directed by Josef von Sternberg and Harry Piel's "Schatten der Unterwelt" (1931). But because of his political activities as a member of the revolutionary union opposition Balhaus was banned from work in film or theatre productions after the Nazis took to power in 1933. It was not until 1935 that Balhaus got smaller engagements at Berlin theatres. Until 1939, he then worked as an actor at Munich's Residenztheater. There, he also directed his first play, Max Dreyer's "Kriegsgericht". Beyond that, Balhaus was only rarely seen in movie productions during the period of the Third Reich.

After the end of World War II, Balhaus worked as a director for Münchner Rundfunk, and from 1946 to 1949 as a guest director at theatres in Düsseldorf, Heidelberg, and Dresden, among others. In 1950, he became the head director of Staatsschauspiel in 1950. Three years later, he went to Potsdam to work as the assistant of Martin Hellberg for the DEFA film "Der Ochse von Kulm", his first experience with film directing. After acting as the assistant director to Harald Mannl for the propangandistic DEFA production "Der Fall Dr. Wagner" in 1954, Balhaus made his debut as a film director in 1956 with the drama "Der Teufelskreis" about the Reichstag fire in Berlin in 1933. Although the film was criticized for its conservative direction, it was nevertheless praised for its accounting of German history. Until today, "Der Teufelskreis" is the best-known film of the small works of films directed by Balhaus. After a series of unfortunate film projects, Balhaus returned to the theatre in the 1960s. From 1964 to 1968, he was the artistic director of the Landestheater in Eisenach.

On Juli 28, 1968, Balhaus died from the injuries sustained in a car accident.

The contents of this entry were funded with the support of the DEFA-Stiftung.

Filmography

1963/1964 Viel Lärm um nichts
Cast
 
1962 Das Glas Wasser
Director
 
1961/1962 Die schwarze Galeere
Cast
 
1961/1962 Mord ohne Sühne
Director
 
1960 Fahrt ins Blaue
Director
 
1959/1960 Haus im Feuer
Director, Screenplay
 
1958/1959 SAS 181 antwortet nicht
Cast, Director
 
1957/1958 Nur eine Frau
Director
 
1957 Ein Mädchen von 16 1/2
Director, Screenplay
 
1956 Damals in Paris...
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1955/1956 Der Teufelskreis
Director, Screenplay
 
1954/1955 Der Ochse von Kulm
Assistant director
 
1954 Der Fall Dr. Wagner
Co-Director
 
1952/1953 Geheimakten Solvay
Cast
 
1941 Venus vor Gericht
Cast
 
1939/1940 Der Feuerteufel
Cast
 
1939 15 Minuten nach Mitternacht
Cast
 
1937 Einmal werd' ich Dir gefallen
Cast
 
1933/1934 Altgermanische Bauernkultur
Cast
 
1933 Abel mit der Mundharmonika
Cast
 
1933 Anna und Elisabeth
Cast
 
1932/1933 Der Läufer von Marathon
Cast
 
1932 Unmögliche Liebe (Vera Holgk und ihre Töchter)
Cast
 
1932 Strich durch die Rechnung
Cast
 
1932 Jonny stiehlt Europa
Cast
 
1932 Mensch ohne Namen
Cast
 
1932 An heiligen Wassern!
Cast
 
1931 Yorck
Cast
 
1931 Kinder vor Gericht
Cast
 
1931 M
Cast
 
1931 Ombres des bas fonds
Cast
 
1931 Schatten der Unterwelt
Cast
 
1931 Kadetten
Cast
 
1930 Ein Burschenlied aus Heidelberg
Cast
 
1930 Westfront 1918
Cast
 
1930 Väter und Söhne
Cast
 
1930 Nur am Rhein...
Cast
 
1930 "1914". Die letzten Tage vor dem Weltbrand
Cast
 
1929/1930 The Blue Angel
Cast
 
1929/1930 Der blaue Engel
Cast
 
1929/1930 Scapa Flow
Cast
 
1929/1930 Revolte im Erziehungshaus
Cast
 
1929/1930 Menschen im Feuer
Cast
 
1929 Ins Blaue hinein
Cast
 
1929 Durchs Brandenburger Tor. So lang' noch untern Linden ...
Cast
 
1929 Frühlings Erwachen. Eine Kindertragödie
Cast
 
1928 Die Siebzehnjährigen
Cast
 
1927/1928 Der alte Fritz. 2. Ausklang
Cast
 

Overview

Literature

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