Harald Reinl

Harald Reinl

Darsteller, Regie, Regie-Assistenz, Drehbuch, Schnitt
*09.07.1908 Bad Ischl, Österreich; †09.10.1986 Puerto de la Cruz, Teneriffa, Spanien

Biography

Harald Reinl was born July 9, 1908, in Bad Ischl as the son of the engineer Hans Reinl and his wife Ida, born Schedl. He attended school in Hall, and studied law in Innsbruck after finishing school like his younger twin brother Kurt who later worked as an attorney. During his studies he also dedicated himself to ski racing and become the Academic ski world champion in 1931.

Director Arnold Fanck discovered him during a ski race and engaged him for his mountain films. Reinl appeared as a ski racer in "Stürme über dem Mont Blanc" ("Avalanche") and also served as a body double for Leni Riefenstahl, in "Der weiße Rausch" ("Ski Chase"), as well as in "Abenteuer im Engadin" ("Slalom") that was based on an original idea by Fanck and was directed by Max Obal. Reinl also worked as a third assistant director for Obal. He then did his doctorate in law but did not finish his practical training as articled clerk. During the 1930s, he worked as a skiing teacher and operated a skiing school in France together with friends from university. In 1936, he won the second place behind Sepp Brandl with a jump of 98 metres at the ski jump in Planica.

Together with Guzzi Lantschner, who also participated in Fanck’s films, Reinl wrote the screenplay, edited, and directed the short documentary feature films "Oster-Skitour in Tirol" and "Wildwasser". From 1940 on, Reinl worked as Leni Riefenstahl’s assistant director and participated in the screen play and editing of "Tiefland" ("Lowlands"). The shooting of the film took until 1944. The screenplay to "Die roten Teufel" that Reinl finished with Leni Riefenstahl and Joachim Bartsch was probably also written during that time. However, the film was never realized. During the first post-war years, Reinl kept afloat with the production of house shoes.

Reinl’s first film work after the war was the short feature film "Zehn Jahre später" for producers Josef Plesner and Hubert Schonger who gave him the opportunity to finish his first feature-length film "Bergkristall" based on Adalbert Stifter’s novella by the same name. After another short film, "Funk und Sport", Reinl finished the cleric drama "Gesetz ohne Gnade". During the following years, Reinl made sentimental films like "Weiße Hölle Mont Blanc" ("Night to Mont-Blanc"), the Ganghofer adaptations "Der Herrgottschnitzer von Ammergau" and "Der Klosterjäger" ("The Monasterys Hunter"), "Die Fischerin vom Bodensee", "Johannisnacht", and "Die Prinzessin von St. Wolfgang"), mawkish tearjerkers like "Rosen-Resli" ("Rose-Girl Resli"), "Der schweigende Engel", or "Ein Herz schlägt für Erika", and comedies like "Die Zwillinge vom Zillertal" and "Almenrausch und Edelweiß".

In 1955, Reinl caused a stir with "Solange du lebst" ("As Long As You Live"), a heroic drama about the Spanish Civil War: While Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle thought that the original version was too militaristic, Filmbewertungsstelle reviewed the recut version of the film as "valuable". In 1958, Reinl finished two more war films: "Die grünen Teufel von Monte Cassino" and "U 47 – Kapitänleutnant Prien" ("U-47 Lt. Commander Prien").

Between the two adventure movies "Romarei, das Mädchen mit den grünen Augen" and "Paradies der Matrosen", Reinl laid the foundation to the series of Edgar Wallace films with the Danish production "Frøen" ("Face of the Frog"). This film series became one of the most successful and longest-running West German film series. Reinl directed four more films of the series, "Die Bande des Schreckens" ("Hand of the Gallows"), "Der Fälscher von London" ("The Forger of London"), "Zimmer 13" ("Room 13"), and "Der unheimliche Mönch" ("The Sinister Monk"). Furthermore, he finished "Der Würger von Schloß Blackmoor" ("The Strangler of Blackmoor Castle") based on Bryan Edgar Wallace (one of Edgar Wallace’s sons) as well as "Der Teppich des Grauens" ("The Carpet of Horror") and "Die weiße Spinne" ("The White Spider"), both based on novels by Louis Weinert-Wilton.

After Fritz Lang hat revived the character of the famous and notorious criminal Dr. Mabuse in "Die 1000 Augen des Dr. Mabuse" ("The Thousand Eyes of Dr. Mabuse", 1960), the film’s commercial success was immediately exploited with another film series. Reinl directed two films of the series, "Im Stahlnetz des Dr. Mabuse" ("The Return of Dr. Mabuse") and "Die unsichtbaren Krallen des Dr. Mabuse" ("The Invisible Dr. Mabuse"). In 1962, he directed "Der Schatz im Silbersee" ("Treasure of Silver Lake"), the first of numerous Karl May western films that also became a huge international success. During the following years, Reinl directed the "Winnetou" trilogy and "Winnetou und Shatterhand im Tal der Toten" ("Winnetou and Shatterhand in the Valley of Death").

In between times, he also finished pop music films like "Wir wollen niemals auseinandergehn" ("We Will Never Part") and several action film versions of literary sources, including "Der letzte Mohikaner" ("The Last Tomahawk") based on James Fenimore Cooper, the two-part film "Nibelungen", or "Die Schlangengrube und das Pendel" ("Blood of the Virgins") based on Edgar Allan Poe.

The second half of the 1960s, saw the birth of two further crime film series with the participation of Reinl. He directed "Dynamit in grüner Seide" ("Death and Diamonds"), "Der Tod im roten Jaguar" ("Death in the Red Jaguar"), and "Todesschüsse am Broadway" ("Deadly Shots on Broadway") for the series of Jerry Cotton films, and "Kommissar X jagt die roten Tiger" ("FBI Operation Pakistan") for the Kommissar X crime film series. Afterwards, Reinl finished the documentary film "Erinnerungen an die Zukunft" ("Chariots of the Gods") following the tracks of Erich von Däniken and several comedies, including the so-called "Lümmelfilme" "Pepe, der Paukerschreck" ("Pepe: His Teacher’s Fright") and "Wir hau"n die Pauker in die Pfanne" (" We’ll Take Care of the Teachers") as well as "Dr. med. Fabian – Lachen ist die beste Medizin" ("Dr. Fabian: Laughing Is the Best Medicine"), "Wer zuletzt lacht, lacht am besten", and "Verliebte Ferien in Tirol". The love story "Sie liebten sich einen Sommer" was followed by the adventure films "Der Schrei der schwarzen Wölfe" ("The Cry of the Black Wolves"), "Die blutigen Geier von Alaska" ("Deadly Eagle"), and "Ein toter Taucher nimmt kein Gold" ("No Gold for a Dead Diver"), and the sentimental films "Grün ist die Heide" ("Green is the Heath", a pop music comedy in the setting of the heath), "Schloß Hubertus" ("Hubertus Castle") and "Der Jäger von Fall", both again based on Ludwig Ganghofer.

While directing, Reinl repeatedly worked with a well-practised team that included the cinematographer Ernst Wilhelm Kalinke, the composers Martin Böttcher and Peter Thomas, the costume designer Irms Pauli, cutter Hermann Haller and, notably, the assistant directors Lothar Gündisch and Charles M. Wakefield.

Reinl also repeatedly recruited the same actors for his films – also due to the serial character of most films: Karin Dor, Eddi Arent, Lex Barker, Dieter Eppler, Joachim Fuchsberger, and Carl Lange. Three of his last films are documentary films: "Botschaft der Götter" ("Mysteries of the Gods") that was again based on von Däniken, "…und die Bibel hat doch Recht" based on Werner Keller’s book, and the seven-part TV series "Sieben Weltwunder der Technik".

Reinl was also in charge of directing the action scenes of Wolfgang Liebeneiner’s adaptation of Goethe’s play "Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen Hand" ("Iron Hand"). He finally ended his career in the film business with the adventure film and slapstick comedy "Im Dschungel ist der Teufel los" ("Crazy Jungle Adventure"). With his sense of action and romance, Reinl was the commercially most successful craftsman and experienced director of German post-war genre films. However, as the director he earned far less from his movies than the distributor, producers, and movie theatre owners.

There are two TV documentary films about Harald Reinl and his work: "Die heile Welt und ihre Märchenhelden" (1974), directed by Gerhard Büttenbender and Wolfgang Richter, and "Harald Reinl – Kino ohne Probleme" (1985), directed by Michael Feick and Gabriele Wengler.

Harald Reinl was married from about 1946 to 1950 to Corinna Frank and from 1954 to 1958 to actress Karin Dor (real name: Kätherose Derr) whom he had met while shooting her first film "Rosen-Resli" in Wiesbaden. Their son Andreas was born in 1955. Since the mid-1970s, had been lived a reclusive life with his third wife, the former Czech actress Daniela Maria Delis, on the outskirts of Puerto de la Cruz on Teneriffa where Harald Reinl was fatally stabbed from behind by his wife on October 9, 1986.

Filmography

1986/1987 Sri Lanka - Leuchtendes Land
Director
 
1986 Wöhlund, der Schmied
Director
 
1985 Harald Reinl - Kino ohne Probleme
Participation
 
1982 Im Dschungel ist der Teufel los
Director
 
1980/1981 Sieben Weltwunder der Technik
Director
 
1978 Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen Hand
Director
 
1976/1977 ...und die Bibel hat doch recht
Director
 
1975/1976 Erich von Däniken: Botschaft der Götter
Director
 
1974 Der Jäger von Fall
Director
 
1973/1974 Ein toter Taucher nimmt kein Gold
Director
 
1973 Schloß Hubertus
Director
 
1973 Die blutigen Geier von Alaska
Director
 
1972/1973 Die heile Welt und ihre Märchenhelden
Participation
 
1972 Der Schrei der schwarzen Wölfe
Director
 
1972 Grün ist die Heide
Director
 
1971/1972 Sie liebten sich einen Sommer
Director, Screenplay
 
1971 Verliebte Ferien in Tirol
Director, Assistant director (other), Screenplay
 
1971 Kommissar X: Kommissar X jagt die Roten Tiger
Director
 
1970/1971 Wer zuletzt lacht, lacht am besten
Director
 
1970 Wir hau'n die Pauker in die Pfanne
Director
 
1969/1970 Erinnerungen an die Zukunft
Director, Screenplay
 
1969 Dr. med. Fabian - Lachen ist die beste Medizin
Director
 
1969 Pepe, der Paukerschreck
Cast, Director
 
1968/1969 Todesschüsse am Broadway
Director
 
1968 Winnetou und Shatterhand im Tal der Toten
Director, Screenplay
 
1968 Der Tod im roten Jaguar
Director
 
1967 Die Schlangengrube und das Pendel
Director
 
1967 Dynamit in grüner Seide
Director
 
1966/1967 Die Nibelungen. 2. Kriemhilds Rache
Director, Screenplay
 
1966 Die Nibelungen. 1. Siegfried von Xanten
Director, Screenplay
 
1965 Der unheimliche Mönch
Director
 
1965 Winnetou III
Director
 
1965 Der letzte Mohikaner
Director
 
1964 Winnetou II
Director
 
1963/1964 Zimmer 13
Director
 
1963 Der Würger von Schloß Blackmoor
Director
 
1963 Winnetou I
Director
 
1963 Die weiße Spinne
Director
 
1962 Der Schatz im Silbersee
Director
 
1962 Der Teppich des Grauens
Director
 
1961/1962 Die unsichtbaren Krallen des Dr. Mabuse
Director
 
1961 Im Stahlnetz des Dr. Mabuse
Director
 
1961 Der Fälscher von London
Director
 
1960 Wir wollen niemals auseinandergehn
Director
 
1960 Die Bande des Schreckens
Director
 
1959 Der Frosch mit der Maske
Director
 
1959 Paradies der Matrosen
Director
 
1958 Die grünen Teufel von Monte Cassino
Director
 
1958 U 47 - Kapitänleutnant Prien
Director
 
1958 Romarei - das Mädchen mit den grünen Augen
Director
 
1957 Almenrausch und Edelweiß
Director
 
1957 Die Zwillinge vom Zillertal
Director, Screenplay
 
1957 Die Prinzessin von St. Wolfgang
Director, Screenplay
 
1956 Johannisnacht
Director
 
1956 Die Fischerin vom Bodensee
Director, Screenplay
 
1955/1956 Ein Herz schlägt für Erika
Director
 
1955 Solange du lebst
Director, Screenplay
 
1954 Der schweigende Engel
Director, Screenplay
 
1954 Rosen-Resli
Director, Screenplay
 
1953 Der Klosterjäger
Director
 
1952 Der Herrgottschnitzer von Ammergau
Director
 
1951/1952 Hinter Klostermauern
Director, Screenplay
 
1951 Weiße Hölle Mont Blanc
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1950/1951 Gesetz ohne Gnade
Director, Editing
 
1950/1951 Funk und Sport
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1948/1949 Bergkristall
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1947/1948 Zehn Jahre später
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1939/1940 Bergbauern
Assistant director
 
1939 Oster-Skitour in Tirol
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1938/1939 Wildwasser
Assistant director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1932 Abenteuer im Engadin
Cast, Assistant director
 
1930/1931 Der weiße Rausch. Neue Wunder des Schneeschuhs
Cast
 
1930 Stürme über dem Montblanc
Cast
 

Overview

Literature

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