Luis Trenker

Luis Trenker

Additional Names: Alois Franz Trenker (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch, Kamera, Sonstiges, Produzent, Produktionsleitung, Aufnahmeleitung
*04.10.1892 St. Ulrich in Gröden, Österreich-Ungarn (heute Italien); †13.04.1990 Bozen, Italien

Biography

Luis Trenker was born in St. Ulrich (South Tyrol) on October 4th 1892. After finishing school, Trenker began an apprenticeship as an engineer, attended the Bau- und Kunsthandwerkschule in Bozen till 1905, and then visited the k.u.k. school in Innsbruck. During school holidays, he worked as a mountain guide and ski instructor. From 1912 to 1914, he studied architecture in Vienna, and from 1914 to 1918 her served as a soldier in WWI. After the war, Trenker unsuccessfully tried himself as a business entrepreneur, finally resuming his studies of architecture in 1920.

Following his graduation, he worked as an architect from 1922 to 1927. During the 1923 production of "Der Berg des Schicksals", director Arnold Fanck hired Trenker as an advisor and finally also cast him as an actor. After that, Trenker also performed in the next films "Der heilige Berg" and "Der große Sprung", in which the former dancer Leni Riefenstahl was his screen partner.

In 1928, Trenker and his wife relocated to Berlin. Nevertheless, mountains, snow and ice remained the preferred territory for the professional actor Trenker, who played in the historic mountaineer epic "Der Kampf ums Matterhorn" and in "Der Ruf des Nordens", which follows an expedition to the North Pole. As a director, he picked themes from his Tyrol background.

Following the war dramas "Berge in Flammen" and "Der Rebell", Trenker became a co-founder of the directors" department of the Nationalsozialistische Betriebsorganisation (NSBO), one of the many organisations that marked the takeover of the film industry by the Nazis. Thanks to the help of Universal head Carl Laemmle, Trenker was able to produce English-language versions of his first two films. The stories of his next films, "Der verlorene Sohn" and "Der Kaiser von Klaifornien", were partly or wholly set in America. After producing multi-language-versions of the drama "Condoterri" in Italy, Trenker returned to the "Bergfilm", exploring the genre to comic or dramatic effect.

Being a practicing catholic and Tyrolean patriot, Trenker saw no future for his work in Nazi Germany. In 1942, he moved to Italy and continued to live in Venice and Rome well after the end of WWII. In 1949, he returned to Tyrol, and started to shoot short films about the mountains and their inhabitants through his Munich-based production company Luis Trenker Film GmbH. His last three feature films were "Flucht in die Dolomiten", "Von der Liebe besiegt" and "Wetterleuchten um Maria".

Trenker, who also became an extremely successful novelist, continued to perform as in German and Austrian personality programmes like "Luis Trenker erzählt". Being a celebrity, he also took small acting parts and often appeared as an expert on everything alpine.

Luis Trenker passed away in Bozen on April 12th 1990.

Filmography

1989 Wer war Arnold Fanck?
Participation
 
1986 Fast ein Jahrhundert - Luis Trenker
Participation
 
1982 Südtirol und seine Bergführer
Director
 
1979 Heimat aus Gottes Hand
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1978 Krone der Schönheit
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1975/1976 Liebeserklärung an Südtirol
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1973 Heimat Triglav
Voice
 
1973 High Live Monte Rosa
Voice
 
1973 Traum - Alptraum. Wilder Kaiser
Voice
 
1973 Trip Dauphiné
Voice
 
1973 Sperrfort Rocca Alta
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1972 Komm mit nach Sexten!
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1972 Arena - Jungfrau, Eiger, Mönch
Voice
 
1971 Erlebnisse am Matterhorn
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1971 Ich filmte am Matterhorn
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1970 Mein Südtirol. Eine Liebeserklärung
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1970 Skifreuden in den Dolomiten
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1969 Das ist Tirol
Voice
 
1968 Der Tageslauf eines Bergpfarrers
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1966 Zufallsreise
Director, Producer
 
1965 Der weisse Rausch - einst und jetzt. Die Geschichte des Skilaufs von Anfang an
Cast, Commentary
 
1964? Sonntag in Gröden
Cast
 
1962 Sein bester Freund
Director, Screenplay
 
1962 Filmatelier in Fels und Eis
Participation
 
1961 Zwei Wege, ein Gipfel
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1960 Grüß Gott, Herr Pfarrer
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Producer
 
1959 Unser Maibaum
Producer
 
1957 Unser Freund, der Haflinger
Director, Producer
 
1957 Wetterleuchten um Maria
Director
 
1956 Von der Liebe besiegt
Cast, Director, based on
 
1956 Kaprun - Strom für Europa
Director, Producer
 
1955? Bergheimat Gröden
Cast
 
1955 Flucht in die Dolomiten
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1955 Ski Heil!
Producer
 
1954-1956 Gold aus Gletschern
Director, Producer
 
1954 SOS Zinnen-Nordwand
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1953/1954 Kavaliere im Eis
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1953/1954 Liebe zum Fels
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1953 Seilbahn und Pulverschnee
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1953 Sonniges Südtirol
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1953 Wochenend in den Bergen
Director
 
1952/1953 Die Sphinx von Zermatt
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1952 Niemals mutlos
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1951/1952 Aus König Laurins Rosengarten
Cast, Participation, Director, Producer
 
1951/1952 Bergsommer
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1951/1952 Kleine Kletterfahrt
Director, Screenplay, Producer, Co-Producer
 
1950/1951 Frühling in Südtirol
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950/1951 Gondelfahrt durch Venedig
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950/1951 Skiurlaub in den Dolomiten
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950/1951 Urlaub im Schnee
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950-1952 Lofotenfischer
Director, Screenplay, Producer, Co-Producer
 
1950-1952 Schönes Venedig
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950 An der Dolomitenstraße
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1950 Auf Fahrt in den Dolomiten
Participation
 
1949/1950 Bildschnitzer im Grödnertal
Director, Screenplay, Co-Producer
 
1946/1947 Erde
Producer
 
1943-1948 Im Banne des Monte Miracolo
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1943 Monte Miracolo
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1942/1943 Germanin
Cast
 
1940 Unsere Gebirgspioniere
Director, Producer
 
1939/1940 Der Feuerteufel
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1939 Der König der Berge
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1939 Urlaub im Schnee
Director, Producer
 
1939 Grenzfeuer
Producer
 
1938/1939 Von New York nach San Francisco
Producer
 
1938 Liebesbriefe aus dem Engadin
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1938 Das Skiparadies Parsenn im Graubündener Land
Producer
 
1937/1938 Es leuchten die Sterne
Cast
 
1937 The Challenge
Cast, Director, Co-Producer
 
1937 Der Berg ruft
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1936/1937 Condottieri
Cast, Director, Screenplay, based on
 
1935/1936 Der Kaiser von Kalifornien
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1934 Polarstürme
Cast, Co-Director, Screenplay
 
1933/1934 Der verlorene Sohn
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1933 Dorschfang auf den Lofoten. Ein Kulturfilm aus dem Leben der norwegischen Fischer
Producer
 
1933 5 Minuten Skikurs
Director, Producer
 
1932 The Rebel
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1932 Der Rebell. Die Feuer rufen
Cast, Director, Story
 
1931/1932 The Doomed Battalion
Cast, Screenplay
 
1931 Les monts en flammes
Cast, Director
 
1931 Berge in Flammen
Cast, Director, based on
 
1930 Die große Sehnsucht
Cast
 
1930 Les chevaliers de la montagne
Cast
 
1930 Der Sohn der weißen Berge
Cast, Story, Miscellaneous (other)
 
1929/1930 Die heiligen drei Brunnen
Cast
 
1929 Der Ruf des Nordens
Cast, Unit production manager
 
1928 Der Kampf ums Matterhorn
Cast, Location manager
 
1927 Der große Sprung
Cast
 
1925/1926 Der heilige Berg
Cast
 
1925/1926 Südtirol. Ein Vorposten deutscher Kultur
Participation
 
1923/1924 Der Berg des Schicksals
Cast