Olga Tschechowa

Olga Tschechowa

Additional Names: Ольга Константиновна Книппер (Geburtsname); Olga von Knipper (Weiterer Name)
Darstellerin, Regie, Produzent
*14.04.1897 Aleksandropol, Armenien, Russland; †09.03.1980 München

Biography

Olga Tschechowa was born as Olga von Knipper in Aleksandropol on April 26th 1897. Her father, who was of German descent, was a renowned engineer who later become the minister for transportation under Czar Nikolaus. Her musically gifted mother had Irish-Austrian heritage, while her aunt Olga Knipper–Čechova was a celebrated actress, who was married to famous writer Anton Čechov – who also happened to be young Olga's doctor – and had great influence on the young girl. She was mainly raised in Moscow and St. Petersburg, and her family's close relation to the Russian court and the ties to artists like Tolstoj and Čajkovskij were crucial for her upbringing.

After dabbling in sculpting, she started taking acting lessons at the famous school of Konstantin Stanislavskij, resulting in her first small theatre engagements. In 1914, she married Anton Čechov's nephew Michail Čechov. The couple separated three years later, and their daughter Ada would later also become an actress.

During WWI and the October Revolution, Olga Tschechowa supported herself and her child by taking work of all kinds, while appearing in small roles in Russian feature films. In 1920, she re-located to Berlin, and first had to struggle to find any engagements as an actress. Her German screen debut in "Hochstapler" was widely ignored, but after Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau's "Schloss Vogelöd" and the Ibsen adaptation "Nora", audiences and critics started to notice her.

Her breakthrough came with "Die Stadt der Versuchung", which established her lasting image of the cosmopolitan, alluring Grande Dame. Her own attempts at founding a production company in Germany failed at first, instead, she played in France under the direction of René Clair, worked on the British production of E. A. Dupont's "Moulin Rouge" and broadened her repertoire with the convincing portrayal of a mother in "Marter der Liebe". She co-porduced several films, and even made her debut as a director with "Der Narr seiner Liebe".

In 1930, Olga Tschechowa was naturalized as a German citizen. Her first sound films included the box-office success "Die Drei von der Tankstelle", the German-language version of Hitchcock's "Murder" and the spy caper "Ein gewisser Herr Gran".

After the end WWII, Tschechowa had to dispel wild rumours of her being a Russian spy, a double agent or even Hitler's lover. The German post-war cinema didn't have many roles for her, and apart from a few appearances – including the popular "Immenhof" films – and occasional theatre work, Olga Tschechowa resigned from acting at the end of the 1950s. Her second, successful career began in 1958 with the founding of her own cosmetics company, which included branches in Berlin, Munich and Milan.

On March 9 1980, Olga Tschechowa passed away in her apartment in München-Obermenzing.

Filmography

1974 Frühling auf Immenhof
Cast
 
1973 Die Zwillinge vom Immenhof
Cast
 
1973 Die große Rolle. 2. Jud Süß - die Alptraumrolle
Cast
 
1970/1971 Gestrickte Spuren
Cast
 
1963 Jack und Jenny
Cast
 
1958 U 47 - Kapitänleutnant Prien
Cast
 
1955 Die Barrings
Cast
 
1955 Ich war ein häßliches Mädchen
Cast
 
1954 Rittmeister Wronski
Cast
 
1954 Rosen-Resli
Cast
 
1953 Alles für Papa
Cast
 
1953 Heute nacht passiert's
Cast
 
1951/1952 Hinter Klostermauern
Cast, Producer
 
1951 Mein Freund, der Dieb
Cast
 
1951 Das Geheimnis einer Ehe
Cast, Producer
 
1950/1951 Eine Frau mit Herz
Cast, Producer
 
1950/1951 Begierde
Cast
 
1950 Der Mann, der zweimal leben wollte
Cast
 
1950 Maharadscha wider Willen
Cast
 
1950 Zwei in einem Anzug
Cast
 
1950 Aufruhr im Paradies
Cast, Producer
 
1949/1950 Sie sind nicht mehr
Participation
 
1949/1950 Kein Engel ist so rein
Cast
 
1949 Eine Nacht im Séparée
Cast
 
1944/1948 Mit meinen Augen
Cast
 
1943/1944 Melusine
Cast
 
1943 Gefährlicher Frühling
Cast
 
1942/1943 Reise in die Vergangenheit
Cast
 
1942/1943 Der ewige Klang
Cast
 
1942 Mit den Augen einer Frau
Cast
 
1941/1942 Andreas Schlüter
Cast
 
1941 Menschen im Sturm
Cast
 
1939/1940 Der Fuchs von Glenarvon
Cast
 
1939/1940 Angelika
Cast
 
1939/1940 Leidenschaft
Cast
 
1939 Parkstraße 13. Verhör um Mitternacht
Cast
 
1939 Die unheimlichen Wünsche
Cast
 
1939 Befreite Hände
Cast
 
1938/1939 Ich verweigere die Aussage
Cast
 
1938/1939 Bel Ami. Der Liebling schöner Frauen
Cast
 
1938 Verliebtes Abenteuer
Cast
 
1938 Der Trichter [Nr. 01]. Bringt Allerlei aus aller Welt
Cast
 
1938 Zwei Frauen
Cast
 
1938 Rote Orchideen
Cast
 
1937/1938 Es leuchten die Sterne
Cast
 
1937/1938 Das Mädchen mit dem guten Ruf
Cast
 
1937 Gewitterflug zu Claudia
Cast
 
1937 Die gelbe Flagge
Cast
 
1937 Olga Tschechowa
Participation
 
1937 Unter Ausschluß der Öffentlichkeit
Cast
 
1936/1937 Liebe geht seltsame Wege
Cast
 
1936 Burgtheater
Cast
 
1936 Hannerl und ihre Liebhaber
Cast
 
1936 Manja Valewska
Cast
 
1936 Seine Tochter ist der Peter
Cast
 
1935/1936 Der Favorit der Kaiserin
Cast
 
1935/1936 Die weissen Teufel
Cast
 
1935 Sylvia und ihr Chauffeur
Cast
 
1935 Die ewige Maske
Cast
 
1935 Künstlerliebe
Cast
 
1934/1935 Campo di maggio
Cast
 
1934/1935 Regine
Cast
 
1934/1935 Lockspitzel Asew
Cast
 
1934 Peer Gynt
Cast
 
1934 Maskerade
Cast
 
1934 Was bin ich ohne Dich
Cast
 
1934 Abenteuer eines jungen Herrn in Polen
Cast
 
1933/1934 Die Welt ohne Maske
Cast
 
1933/1934 Zwischen zwei Herzen
Cast
 
1933 L'Amour qu'il faut aux femmes
Cast
 
1933 Une histoire d'amour
Cast
 
1933 Wege zur guten Ehe
Cast
 
1933 Heideschulmeister Uwe Karsten
Cast
 
1933 Ein gewisser Herr Gran
Cast
 
1933 Un certain Monsieur Grant
Cast
 
1933 Der Polizeibericht meldet... Die Frau im schwarzen Schleier
Cast
 
1932/1933 Liebelei
Cast
 
1932/1933 Der Choral von Leuthen
Cast
 
1932 Spione im Savoy-Hotel
Cast
 
1932 Trenck
Cast
 
1931/1932 Nachtkolonne
Cast
 
1931 The Night of the Decision
Cast
 
1931 Panik in Chicago
Cast
 
1930/1931 Mary
Cast
 
1930 Ein Mädel von der Reeperbahn
Cast
 
1930 Zwei Krawatten
Cast
 
1930 Die Drei von der Tankstelle
Cast
 
1930 Die große Sehnsucht
Cast
 
1930 Der Detektiv des Kaisers
Cast
 
1930 Troika
Cast
 
1930 Liebling der Götter
Cast
 
1930 Le chemin du paradis
Cast
 
1929/1930 Liebe im Ring
Cast
 
1929/1930 stud. chem. Helene Willfüer
Cast
 
1929 § 173 St.G.B. Blutschande
Cast
 
1929 Der Narr seiner Liebe
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1929 Die Liebe der Brüder Rott. Irrlichter
Cast, Producer
 
1928/1929 Diane - Die Geschichte einer Pariserin
Cast, Producer
 
1928/1929 Rund um die Liebe
Participation
 
1928 Weib in Flammen
Cast, Producer
 
1928 Moulin Rouge
Cast
 
1928 Marter der Liebe
Cast
 
1927 Der Meister der Welt
Cast
 
1926/1927 Das Meer
Cast
 
1926/1927 Die selige Exzellenz
Cast
 
1926/1927 Brennende Grenze
Cast
 
1926 Sein großer Fall
Cast
 
1926 Der Mann im Feuer
Cast
 
1926 Die kleine Dingsda
Cast
 
1926 Der Feldherrnhügel
Cast
 
1925/1926 Die Mühle von Sanssouci
Cast
 
1925/1926 Familie Schimeck (Wiener Herzen)
Cast
 
1925/1926 Der Mann aus dem Jenseits. Feldgrau
Cast
 
1925 Die Gesunkenen
Cast
 
1925 Liebesgeschichten
Cast
 
1925 Soll man heiraten? Intermezzo einer Ehe in sieben Tagen
Cast
 
1925 Das alte Ballhaus. 1. Teil
Cast
 
1925 Das alte Ballhaus. 2. Teil
Cast
 
1925 Das alte Ballhaus. [1-teilig]
Cast
 
1924/1925 Die Venus vom Montmartre
Cast
 
1924/1925 Die Stadt der Versuchung
Cast
 
1924/1925 Die Millionenkompagnie
Cast
 
1924 Die Bacchantin
Cast
 
1924 Soll und Haben
Cast
 
1923 Der verlorene Schuh
Cast
 
1923 Die Fahrt ins Glück
Cast
 
1922/1923 Nora
Cast
 
1922/1923 Tatjana
Cast
 
1922/1923 Die Pagode
Cast, Producer
 
1922 Der Kampf ums Ich
Cast
 
1921/1922 Scheine des Todes
Cast
 
1921/1922 Der Todesreigen
Cast
 
1921 Schloß Vogelöd
Cast
 
1921 Violet
Cast
 
1920/1921 Hochstapler
Cast
 

Overview

Literature

KOBV-Suche