Rosa von Praunheim

Rosa von Praunheim

Additional Names: Holger Bernhard Bruno Mischwitzky (Weiterer Name); Holger Radke (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Regie, Regie-Assistenz, Drehbuch, Kamera, Bauten, Schnitt, Ton, Musik, Sonstiges, Produzent, Aufnahmeleitung
*25.11.1942 Riga, Lettland

Biography

Rosa von Praunheim, born November 25, 1942, in Riga, during the German occupation under his real name Holger Radtke, grew up with his adoptive parents in East Berlin under the name Holger Bernhard Bruno Mischwitzky. After the escape to West Germany in 1953, the family lived at first in the Rhineland and eventually settled in Frankfurt am Main. In Frankfurt, von Praunheim attended a classical language high school but left already after finishing secondary school level. He started to study painting at Offenbach's Werkkunstschule (today: Hochschule für Gestaltung – HfG). One year later, he transferred to Berlin's Hochschule für Bildende Künste but did not graduate any of his studies. At this time, during the 1960s, he assumed his stage name Rosa von Praunheim, as reminiscence to his Frankfurt quarter Praunheim and to the "Rosa Winkel" (pink triangle) – the symbol, homosexuals had to wear in the concentration camps during the Third Reich.

In 1967, Rosa von Praunheim made his movie debut with the short film "Von Rosa von Praunheim". He sold the film to Hessischer Rundfunk and by doing so was able to fund further movie projects. Until the end of the 1960s, he finished short and experimental films like "Grotesk – Burlesk, Pittoresk" (1968), "Schwestern der Revolution" (1969), and "Samuel Beckett" (1969). His feature film debut, the relationship story "Die Bettwurst" (1970) that was filmed with lay actors and nearly no budget at all immediately became a cult film. In the same year, Praunheim caused a stir that went far beyond the gay scene with his documentary film "Nicht der Homosexuelle ist pervers, sondern die Situation in der er lebt" ("It Is Not the Homosexual Who Is Perverse, But the Society in Which He Lives") – virtually overnight, von Praunheim turned into an icon of the German gay movement that experienced a downright boom through the film.

During the following years, Rosa von Praunheim's feature and documentary films were mainly influenced by three thematic domains: the life stories of vital older women, for instance, in "Unsere Leichen leben noch" ("Our Corpses Still Live", 1981), homosexuality and AIDS in "Ein Virus kennt keine Moral" ("A Virus Knows No Morals"), 1985, and the city of New York in "Überleben in New York" ("Survival in New York"), 1989. In 1991, he caused a scandal with his "outing" campaign: In a move that attracted high media attention, von Praunheim revealed several German celebrities who had kept their homosexuality a secret. With this morally dubious campaign, von Praunheim, on his own admission, wanted to call attention to the neglected problem of AIDS and to double standards in society. Besides bizarre, postmodern-seeming feature films like "Der Einstein des Sex" ("The Einstein of Sex", 1999), von Praunheim mainly turned to (semi-)documentary projects from the early 1990s on. Different aspects of homosexual life are still his main topics, from "Ich bin meine eigene Frau" ("I Am My Own Woman", 1992) to the history of the German cross dresser movement in the 20th century, from "Männer, Helden, schwule Nazis" (2005) to homosexual right wing extremists and to "Tote Schwule – lebende Lesben" ("Dead Gay Men and Living Lesbians", 2008) about homosexuals from different generations.

Von Praunheim did not learn until the year 2000 that he grew up with adoptive parents. After his foster-mother died in 2003, he went on an intensive search for traces of his own roots that he documented in his overly personal film "Meine Mütter – Spurensuche in Riga" ("Two Mothers - The Search Began in Riga", 200

During the following years, Praunheim completed several more documentaries, most of which dealt with aspects of homosexuality, among them "Rosas Höllenfahrt" (2009), a depiction of hell from a gay perspective, and "Die Jungs vom Bahnhof Zoo" ("Rent Boys", 2011), the unbiased and cliché-free portrait of five young gay prostitutes in Berlin. Like many of his films, the production "König des Comics" ("King of Comics") premiered in the Panorama section of the Berlin IFF. The documentary deals with the life and work of renowned gay comic artist Ralf König.

In order to honor von Praunheim's 70th birthday, TV station RBB in cooperation with Arte screened a 700 minute short film compilation titled "Rosas Welt" on the night of November 24, 2012. Never before in German TV history, a documentary film maker had been given this much transmission time in one stretch. The film series consists of mostly 20 minute long portraits of people from the industry like Eva Mattes and Werner Schroeter but also of non-celebrities and families.

In the years that followed, Rosa von Praunheim remained a filmmaker who never settles: At the Lichter Filmtage 2014 festival in Frankfurt, his documentary "Praunheim Memoires" premiered in which the director traces important stages of his personal life. In "Auf der Suche nach Heilern" that premiered at DOK.fest München 2014, he documents his experience with miracle healers of all sorts. In December 2014, "Laura – Das Juwel von Stuttgart" was released in selected theaters. The documentary portrays the female owner of one of Germany's oldest gay clubs who is a passionate fighter against social injustice.

In the Panorama program of the Berlin IFF 2015, Rosa von Praunheim presented "Härte", a feature film that by combining interviews and reenactments tells the story of former karate champion and ex-pimp Andreas Marquardt who was mistreated as a child by his father and sexually abused by his mother. The film was released in German movie theaters in April 2015. Also in 2015, Rosa von Praunheim received the Federal Order of Merit.

At the 2015 Hofer Filmtage, he presented his short documentary "Flüchtlinge, zu viel?", in which two individuals from families with migrant roots discuss their different takes on the current refugee situation. Praunheim next made the documentary "Welcome All Sexes: 30 Jahre Teddy Awards" (2016), which chronicles the history of the gay-lesbian film award and screened at the 2016 Berlin IFF.

"Act! – Wer bin ich?", Praunheim's documentary on an educational drama project in Berlin, premiered in April 2017 at the Achtung Berlin Festival and went on to win the New Berlin Film Award. The film was released theatrically in June 2017, just as Praunheim presented his next feature, the documentary, "Überleben in Neukölln" (2017), at the Munich Film Festival.

Besides his work as a filmmaker, Rosa von Praunheim has also worked as a fiction and non-fiction writer and a poet since the 1960s. Until 2006, he taught film directing at Potsdam's Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film.

Filmography

2016/2017 Überleben in Neukölln
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2016/2017 Mein wunderbares West-Berlin
Participation
 
2015/2016 Welcome all Sexes - 30 Jahre Teddy Awards
Director, Screenplay
 
2015-2017 ACT! - Wer bin ich?
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2015 Flüchtlinge, zu viel?
Director, Producer
 
2014/2015 Desire Will Set You Free
Cast
 
2014/2015 Härte
Director, Screenplay
 
2014 Laura - Das Juwel von Stuttgart
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2014 Hitler und Jesus - Eine Liebesgeschichte
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2013/2014 Mario Wirz
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2013/2014 Praunheim Memoires
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2013/2014 Auf der Suche nach Heilern
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2013 Wie ich lernte, die Zahlen zu lieben
Participation, Producer
 
2012/2013 Ich fühl mich Disco
Cast
 
2012 Werner Schroeter
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Sin with Sebastian
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eva Mattes
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Bin ich Dein Onkel?
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Rosas Welt
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Globales Lernen in Neukölln
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Professorin in Weimar
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eine jüdische Familie
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Valentina
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Von Auschwitz nach New York
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Gipsy Queen von New York
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Meine Nachbarn
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der härteste Türsteher Berlins
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der heilige Schein
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein schöner Akrobat
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Gay Not Grey - Anders altern
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein Journalist aus New York
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Möpse in Not
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Outing Goethe
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Aus Liebe zum Theater
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Rummelsnuff
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der Luxus-Zahnarzt
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Bukarest Nordbahnhof
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein engagiertes Leben
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein grüner Sachse im Wedding
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ich bin ein Gedicht
Participation
 
2012 This Brunner
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Berlin Callboys
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein Vater stirbt
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Klatschreporter
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der Satanist
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Oberbürgermeister Schütz
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Peter Raue - Anwalt und Kunstliebhaber
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der falsche Graf
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Das Abaton
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Was ist böse?
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Missbraucht, Polizist und Mörder
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Baptisten in Berlin
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Mein Preussenpark
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Knut ist gut
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ausländer raus
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ich bin ein erfolgreicher Türke
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Mit Speck fängt man Filme
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Porno Peto meets the House of Galore
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Kings of Porn
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Mösenmonat März
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ich bin Edith aus Neukölln
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eva Love
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eva & Adele
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Berlin Frobenstraße
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eine Drag Queen aus Amsterdam
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ichgola Androgyn
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Axel und Peter - Titten für Arsch
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 David Koks
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der fröhliche Serienmörder
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 New York Sisters
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Marta und Hilde
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Germans Taste The Best
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Babeth
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Eine lesbische Witwe
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ich liebe große Hüte
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein hartes Leben
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Dan Tang
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Suzy, Elage und Hartz 4
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Amélie - das Mädchen aus dem Hinterhaus
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Jugendtheater in Brandenburg
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ave Maria
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Der kranke Dichter
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Ein schwuler Schornsteinfeger
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2012 Pädos und Hilfe für Jungs
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2011/2012 König des Comics
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
2011/2012 Rosakinder
Participation
 
2010/2011 Die Jungs vom Bahnhof Zoo
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2010/2011 Mondo Lux - Die Bilderwelten des Werner Schroeter
Participation
 
2010 Stricher - Berliner Jungs
Director, Screenplay
 
2009/2010 New York Memories
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2009/2010 Spur der Bären - 60 Jahre Berlinale
Participation
 
2009 Rosas Höllenfahrt
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Interviews, Producer
 
2008/2009 24 h Berlin - Ein Tag im Leben
Director
 
2008 Der rosa Riese
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2007/2008 Tote Schwule - Lebende Lesben
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2007-2009 Auf der anderen Seite der Leinwand - 100 Jahre Moviemento
Participation
 
2006/2007 Meine Mütter - Spurensuche in Riga
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Producer
 
2006/2007 Mit Olga auf der Wolga
Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
2006/2007 Schau mir in die Augen, Kleiner
Participation
 
2006-2008 Weltstadt
Creative supervisor
 
2004/2005 Dein Herz in meinem Hirn
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2004/2005 Männer, Helden, schwule Nazis
Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Producer
 
2004/2005 Netto
Creative supervisor
 
2004/2005 Umsonst gelebt - Walter Schwarze
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
2002-2005 Wer ist Helene Schwarz?
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2002 Pfui Rosa!
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Editing, Producer
 
2002 Charlotte
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
2001/2002 Tunten lügen nicht
Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Producer
 
2001/2002 Die Hollywood Rolle
Creative supervisor
 
2000-2002 Kühe vom Nebel geschwängert
Director, Producer
 
2000 Für mich gab's nur noch Fassbinder
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Interviews
 
1999 Can I be Your Bratwurst, Please?
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1999 Wunderbares Wrodrow
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Producer
 
1998/1999 Der Einstein des Sex
Director, Producer
 
1997/1998 Schwuler Mut. 100 Jahre Schwulenbewegung
Director, Screenplay
 
1994/1995 Neurosia - 50 Jahre pervers
Director, Producer
 
1993 Meine Oma hatte einen Nazipuff
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Producer
 
1991/1992 Ich bin meine eigene Frau
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1991 Stolz & schwul
Director
 
1990/1991 Ein Mann namens Pis
Director, Producer
 
1990 Affengeil. Eine Reise durch Lottis Leben
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Vocals, Producer
 
1989/1990 Schweigen = Tod
Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
1989/1990 Feuer unterm Arsch
Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
1988/1989 Überleben in New York
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
1988-1990 Positiv
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
1987 Anita - Tänze des Lasters
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
1987 z.B. Otto Spalt
Cast
 
1986/1987 Dolly, Lotte und Maria
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1985/1986 Ein Virus kennt keine Moral
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1984 Der Biss
Cast
 
1983/1984 Horror Vacui
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
1982/1983 Stadt der verlorenen Seelen - Berlin Blues
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Editing, Co-Producer
 
1981 Unsere Leichen leben noch
Participation, Director, Screenplay, based on, Interviews, Editing, Producer
 
1981 Rosa von Praunheim - Ein Leben zwischen Karriere, Sex und Tod
Cast
 
1980/1981 Rote Liebe. Wassilissa
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Miscellaneous, Producer
 
1980-1982 Rote Liebe
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Producer
 
1980 Red Love
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
1979 Gräfin von Richthofen
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1979 Todesmagazin oder: Wie werde ich ein Blumentopf?
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1977-1979 Tally Brown, New York
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1977 Frühling für Frankfurt
Director, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1976-1979 Der 24. Stock [Teil 2]
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer, Location manager
 
1976-1979 Der 24. Stock [Teil 1]
Participation, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer, Location manager
 
1976 Ich bin ein Antistar. Das skandalöse Leben der Evelyn Künneke
Voice, Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
1975/1976 Underground and Emigrants
Participation, Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1975 Berliner Bettwurst
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Producer
 
1975 Die Betörung der blauen Matrosen
Cast
 
1974 Rosa von Praunheim zeigt
Director, Screenplay, Production design, Editing, Producer
 
1974 Monolog eines Stars
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1973 Axel von Auersperg
Director, Screenplay, Editing, Producer
 
1972-1979 Army of Lovers or Revolt of the Perverts
Cast, Voice, Director, Screenplay, Commentary, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1972 Was die rechte nicht sieht
Director
 
1971/1972 Leidenschaften
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1971 Homosexuelle in New York
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1970/1971 Nicht der Homosexuelle ist pervers, sondern die Situation, in der er lebt
Voice, Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Sound
 
1970 Die Bettwurst
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Producer
 
1969 Eika Katappa
Cast
 
1969 Schwestern der Revolution
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1969 Samuel Beckett
Director, Editing
 
1968/1969 Neurasia
Assistant director
 
1968 Rosa Arbeiter auf goldener Straße. 2. Teil
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Sound, Producer
 
1968 Rosa Arbeiter auf goldener Straße. 1. Teil
Director, Screenplay, Director of photography, Editing, Sound, Producer
 
1968 Grotesk - burlesk - pittoresk
Cast, Director, Screenplay, Director of photography
 
1968 Argila
Assistant director
 
1968 Faces
Director of photography
 
1968 (A)lter (a)ction
Assistant director
 
1968 Die Schachtel
Assistant director
 
1967 Von Rosa von Praunheim
Director, Screenplay, Sound, Music, Producer
 
1967 Silvo
Cast