Wolfgang Staudte

Wolfgang Staudte

Additional Names: Wolfgang Georg Friedrich Staudte (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch, Schnitt, Musik, Produzent
*09.10.1906 Saarbrücken; †19.01.1984 Zigarski, Jugoslawien (heute Slowenien)

Biography

Wolfgang Georg Friedrich Staudte was born October 9, 1906 in Saarbrücken as the son of the actors' couple Fritz Staudte and Mathilde Firmans. In 1912, the family moved to Berlin. Staudte attended Oberrealschule Steglitz and started to study engineering in Oldenburg in 1923. After several performances at the theatre in Schneidemühl, he was signed by Volksbühne Berlin in 1926. From 1931, he also starred in films. In 1933, he was banned from acting on stage. Staudte then started to shoot short, worked as a dubbing voice from 1934 on, and as a radio speaker from 1935 on. Between the years 1935 and 1939, Staudte finished about 100 short commercials for the company Werbeschall Uhlich & Schroeter that was later renamed to Sigma-Film. In 1936/37, he also shot two feature-length film compilations about automobile racing. Until 1942, he starred in several supporting roles, including films with propagandistic tendencies.

In 1942, Tobis accepted one of Staudte's screenplays for the clown Charlie Rivel and he made his debut as a film director with "Akrobat Schö-ö-ö-n". However, his film "Der Mann, dem man den Namen stahl", a farce about bureaucrats, was banned in 1944. Staudte then was supposed to go to war but Heinrich George's wanted him to be the director of "Frau über Bord" and Staudte did not have to go.

In the summer of 1946, Staudte finished the first German post-war film for DEFA. "Die Mörder sind unter uns" ("The Murderers Are Among Us") takes a critical look at contemporary Germany. The film"s story – a returning soldier recognizes an honorable manufacturer as a war criminal and, encouraged by a young concentration camp exempt brings him to justice –calls on new political beginning.

In 1948, Staudte looked into the sources of German fascism in "Rotation" by following the path of life of a print shop employee from the Weimar Republic until the post-war era. In 1951, he made his most convincing film, the Heinrich Mann adaptation "Der Untertan" ("The Kaiser"s Lackey"), a historical satire that makes evident the fatal continuity of philistinism in German history. The film was not shown in Federal Germany until 1957. Furthermore, Staudte finished the children's films "Die Geschichte vom kleinen Muck" ("The Story of Little Mook") and (in the Netherlands) "Ciske – de rat".


His last DEFA project, a film version of "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder" was discontinued after Staudte encountered divergencies with Brecht.

Staudte who had already worked in West Germany before continued his career in Federal Germany. At first, he did not succeed to maintain his dedicated perspective and his artistic standards against his producers. "Rosen für den Staatsanwalt" ("Roses for the Prosecutor", 1959) that deals with Nazi continuities in the West German judiciary was his first film that thematically tied in with his earlier works. "Kirmes" ("The Fair", 1960) – produced by Freie Film Produktion GmbH, Hamburg, that was owned by Staudte since 1958 together with Helmut Käutner and Harald Braun – uncovers an "archeologically" suppressed past, while "Herrenpartie" (" Stag Party", 1963/64) observes a travel party that is confronted with "forgotten" wartime atrocities in Yugoslavia.

These films earned Staudte who rejected a German film award for "Rosen für den Staatsanwalt" defamations as "denigrator of his own country". His film "Die Dreigroschenoper" ("Three-Penny Opera"), on the other hand, defuses the original material to a crook ballad. In 1968, Staudte set up the production company Cineforum Film- und Fernsehproduktion GmbH, Berlin. But "Heimlichkeiten" ("Little Secrets"), the company's only production for the movie screen turned into a financial disaster that forced Staudte to work intensively for TV productions from then on. He directed several episodes for the ZDF crime series "Der Kommissar", and from 1973 on, he also directed episodes of "Tatort" for ARD.


Furthermore, Staudte directed the elaborate Jack London adaptations "Der Seewolf" ("The Seawolf", 1971) and "Lockruf des Goldes" ("Burning Daylight", 1974/75), family entertainment like the TV series "MS Franziska" about boatmen on the Rhine river, but also multi-part films like "Die Pawlaks" (1981/82) that strived for historic authenticity. Based on external material, Staudte's works of the time rarely resembled the social dedication of his earlier films.

His last film for the movie screen "Zwischengleis" ("Yesterday's Tomorrow") dealt once again with the problems of guilt and repression during the post-war era and the years of the economic miracle. In his last work, Staudte modified his main topic, the relationship of the German philistine to power, in the Sternheim adaptation "Der Snob" ("The Snob", 1983), starring Klaus Maria Brandauer.

In 1945/46 dubbed Eisenstein's film "Ivan Grosnyj" ("Ivan the Terrible, Part One") for DEFA. In 1972, he dubbed "Clockwork Orange" on a request by Stanley Kubrick, and in 1980 he also dubbed Kubrick's film "Shining". From 1955 on, Staudte was a corresponding member of the GDR's Akademie der Künste, and in 1966/67, he worked as a lecturer at DFFB.

Wolfgang Staudte died on January 19, 1984, from heart failure in Zigarski, Slovenia, during the shooting of the five-part TV movie "Der eiserne Weg".

Filmography

1996 Ein unbequemer Moralist. Wolfgang Staudte. Filmregisseur in Deutschland
Participation
 
1984/1985 Der eiserne Weg
Director
 
1983/1984 Freiwild
Director
 
1983 So ein Theater
Director
 
1983 Der Snob
Director, Screenplay
 
1983 Die Großen und die Kleinen
Participation
 
1982/1983 Nordlichter. Geschichten zwischen Watt und Weltstadt
Director
 
1982/1983 Satan ist auf Gottes Seite
Director
 
1982 Die Pawlaks. Eine Geschichte aus dem Ruhrgebiet
Director
 
1982 Zeugen der Zeit. Hermann P. Reiser sprach mit Wolfgang Staudte
Participation
 
1981 Ich war nicht nur der Botenjunge zwischen Bank und Regisseur. Der Filmproduzent Walter Koppel
Participation
 
1980 Der Augenzeuge [Jg. 1980 / Nr. 051]
Participation
 
1980 Schönes Wochenende
Director
 
1979/1980 Schussfahrt
Director
 
1979 Laterna Teutonica. 6. Käutner und dann Staudte
Participation
 
1978/1979 Der eiserne Gustav
Director
 
1978/1979 Die Kugel im Leib
Director
 
1978 Zwischengleis
Director
 
1977/1978 Feuerwasser
Director
 
1977 Spätlese
Director
 
1977 Das verschollene Inka-Gold
Director
 
1976 Prozeß Medusa
Director
 
1976 Der Augenzeuge [Jg. 1976 / Nr. 020]: 30 Jahre DEFA / 30 Jahre Filmkunst im Auftrag der Arbeiterklasse (Erinnerungen an Filme und Filmschöpfer)
Participation
 
1975/1976 Um zwei Erfahrungen reicher
Director
 
1975/1976 Zwei Leben
Director
 
1975 Lockruf des Goldes
Director
 
1974/1975 Lehmanns Erzählungen
Director, Screenplay
 
1974 Ein fröhliches Dasein
Director
 
1974 Schließfach 763
Director
 
1973 Tote brauchen keine Wohnung
Director
 
1973 Ein Funken in der Kälte
Director
 
1973 Die Nacht, in der Basseck starb
Director
 
1973 Nerze nachts am Straßenrand
Director
 
1972/1973 Das Komplott
Director
 
1972 Marya Sklodowska-Curie. Ein Mädchen, das die Welt veränderte
Director
 
1972 Verrat ist kein Gesellschaftsspiel
Director
 
1972 Die Tote im Park
Director
 
1971 Ein rätselhafter Mord
Director
 
1971 Der Seewolf
Director
 
1971 Tod eines Ladenbesitzers
Director
 
1971 Lisa Bassenges Mörder
Director
 
1971 Fluchtweg St. Pauli. Großalarm für die Davidswache
Director
 
1970/1971 Die Anhalterin
Director
 
1970/1971 Ende eines Tanzvergnügens
Director
 
1970/1971 Besuch bei Alberti
Director
 
1970 Die Person
Director
 
1970 ...wie die Wölfe
Director
 
1970 Messer im Rücken
Director
 
1970 Cinema Berolina 04: Magische Hände
Participation
 
1969/1970 Die Herren mit der weißen Weste
Director
 
1969-1972 Der Seewolf
Director
 
1969 Die Gartenlaube
Director, Screenplay
 
1968 Heimlichkeiten
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1968 Die Klasse
Director
 
1967/1968 Der Augenzeuge [Jg. 1968 / Nr. 007]
Participation
 
1965/1966 Ganovenehre
Director
 
1965/1966 Der Fall Kapitän Behrens. Fremdenlegionäre an Bord
Director
 
1964 Das Lamm
Director
 
1963/1964 Herrenpartie
Director, Co-author
 
1962/1963 Die Dreigroschenoper
Director, Screenplay
 
1962 Die Rebellion
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1962 Die glücklichen Jahre der Thorwalds
Director
 
1960 Kirmes
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1960 Der letzte Zeuge
Director
 
1959 Der Rest ist Schweigen
Producer
 
1959 Rosen für den Staatsanwalt
Director, Story
 
1958 Der Maulkorb
Director
 
1958 Kanonen-Serenade
Cast, Director, Screenplay
 
1957 Madeleine und der Legionär
Director, Lyrics
 
1956/1957 Rose Bernd
Director
 
1955 Ciske - ein Kind braucht Liebe
Director, Screenplay
 
1955 Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder
Director, Screenplay
 
1954 Leuchtfeuer
Director, Screenplay
 
1953 Die Geschichte vom kleinen Muck
Director, Screenplay
 
1951 Der Untertan
Director, Screenplay
 
1951 Gift im Zoo
Director
 
1950/1951 Das Beil von Wandsbek
Screenplay
 
1949 Schicksal aus zweiter Hand
Director, Screenplay
 
1948/1949 Rotation
Director, Screenplay, Story
 
1947/1948 Die seltsamen Abenteuer des Herrn Fridolin B.
Director, Screenplay
 
1947-1951 5 Städte - 5 Mädchen
Director
 
1946 Die Mörder sind unter uns
Director, Screenplay, Story, Story
 
1946 Der Augenzeuge [Jg. 1946 / Nr. 026]
Participation
 
1944/1952 Das Mädchen Juanita
Director
 
1944/1945 Der Mann, dem man den Namen stahl
Director, Screenplay
 
1943/1944 Ich hab' von Dir geträumt
Director
 
1942/1943 Akrobat schö-ö-ö-n...
Director, Screenplay
 
1942 Aus eins mach' vier
Director, Screenplay
 
1941/1942 Das große Spiel
Cast
 
1941 Sechs Tage Heimaturlaub
Cast
 
1941 Ins Grab kann man nichts mitnehmen (3. Fassung)
Screenplay
 
1941 Ins Grab kann man nichts mitnehmen
Director, Screenplay
 
1940/1941 Friedemann Bach
Cast
 
1940/1941 Jungens
Cast
 
1940/1941 Blutsbrüderschaft
Cast
 
1940/1941 ...reitet für Deutschland
Cast
 
1940 Jud Süß
Cast
 
1939/1940 Beates Flitterwoche
Cast
 
1939/1940 Aus erster Ehe
Cast
 
1939 Legion Condor
Cast
 
1939 Evtl. spätere Heirat nicht ausgeschlossen
Cast
 
1939 Brand im Ozean
Cast
 
1939 D III 88
Cast
 
1939 Das Gewehr über!
Cast
 
1939 Die fremde Frau
Cast
 
1938/1939 Drei Unteroffiziere
Cast
 
1938 Pour le Mérite
Cast
 
1938 Es surren die Spindeln
Cast
 
1938 Ziel in den Wolken
Cast
 
1938 Mordsache Holm
Cast
 
1938 Spiel im Sommerwind
Cast
 
1938 Am seidenen Faden
Cast
 
1938 Lauter Lügen
Cast
 
1937/1938 Deutsche Siege in drei Erdteilen
Screenplay, Editing
 
1937 Schnelle Straßen
Cast
 
1936/1937 Togger
Cast
 
1936 Susanne im Bade
Cast
 
1936 Zwischen Sahara und Nürburgring
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1936 Gleisdreieck
Cast
 
1936 Stärker als Paragraphen
Cast
 
1935/1936 Der Kaiser von Kalifornien
Cast
 
1934 Kuddelmuddel
Cast
 
1934 Pechmarie
Cast
 
1934 Schwarzer Jäger Johanna
Cast
 
1934 Die Bande vom Hoheneck
Cast
 
1933 Non Stop nach Afrika
Screenplay
 
1933 Ein jeder hat mal Glück
Director, Screenplay
 
1933 Heimkehr ins Glück
Cast
 
1933 Unser täglich Brot
Voice
 
1932/1933 Der Choral von Leuthen
Cast
 
1932 Geheimnis des blauen Zimmers
Cast
 
1932 Tannenberg
Cast
 
1930/1931 Gassenhauer
Cast
 
1929 Ins Blaue hinein
Cast